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Title
Giving Trends in Myanmar: More Than Merit Making
AuthorDove, Cavelle
PublishedMannheim : SSOAR, 2017
Annotation
Veröffentlichungsversion
begutachtet (peer reviewed)
In: ASEAS - Austrian Journal of South-East Asian Studies ; 10 (2017) 2 ; 205-222
LanguageEnglish
URNurn:nbn:de:hebis:26-digisam-182272 
URNurn:nbn:de:101:1-2019071015254728111632 
DOI10.14764/10.ASEAS-2017.2-5 
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Abstract

Abstract: Myanmar, with a human development index ranking of 145 out of 188 countries (UNDP,2016), has been given the prestigious title as the number one giving nation in the world for three years running (2014-2016) by Charities Aid Foundation, challenging the notion that giving is tied to wealth. Explanations for why this is the case tend to focus on the religious practices of Theravada Buddhism and merit-making. This explanation is only part of the picture, however, and does not account for the similarly high rates of giving by other religious groups in Myanmar or for the failing of other Buddhist nations to equal Myanmar’s generosity. I will argue that the low levels of state investment in basic human welfare and the widespread deprivation in the country due to the long years of military rule, coupled with the lack of effective institutions to provide basic social welfare services, are equally strong motivators for charity. At the same time, I will demonstrate that giving trends in Myanm